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DTC tracks collateral in your account by a control position called the Collateral Monitor (CM). At the opening of each business day, your CM is credited with your Participants Fund deposit. At all times, the CM reflects the amount by which the collateral in your account exceeds the net debit in your settlement account. In other words, the CM equals the sum of the value of your collateral and net settlement obligation.

For example, if you have collateral securities with a market value of $10,000 and a 10 percent haircut, the value of your collateral is $9,000. If you also incurred a debit of $8,000, your CM is $1,000 {(10,000- [0.1 x 10,000] + (-$8,000)}.


Conceptually, every transaction translates into a collateral flow and a cash flow, one a credit and the other a debit. The net value of these two flows is used to update the CM. Since the value of securities as collateral is subject to a haircut on the market value, the cash component (for settlement value) of each transaction is generally greater in value than its securities component. Thus, the completion of a delivery versus payment generally results in an increase in the deliverer's CM and a decrease in the receiver's CM, based on the difference between the collateral value of the securities and the settlement value of the transaction. Transactions that do not have a cash component, such as deposits and "free" deliveries, are considered to have a zero cash component.

When processing a transaction, DTC verifies that the deliverer's and receiver's CMs will not become negative when the transaction completes. If the transaction would cause either party to have a negative CM and thereby be undercollateralized, the transaction will recycle until the deficient account has sufficient collateral to complete (see Recycle Processing).

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